The peacock butterfly has bright ocular spots only on the upper side of the wings. What type of coloring is it, explain the meaning of coloring, and also the relative nature of fitness.
1) Type of coloring – patronizing, mimicry.
The underside of the wings of this butterfly are patronizing. But if any bird approaches a butterfly, then, having sensed danger, the peacock eye opens its wings, and the bird, having suddenly seen “eyes”, stops in bewilderment.
2) Color value: Imitate the eyes of a larger animal (a predator can take the ocular spots on the wings of a butterfly for the eyes of another, larger predator).
3) Relativity of fitness: a bright color makes the butterfly noticeable to predators, young animals can be mistaken for a tasty treat and eat, a predator may not be afraid of the ocular pattern on the wings of a butterfly, accidental destruction is possible.
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