The politics of Esarhaddon (681-669)

• the youngest son of Sinacherib, stabilized the int. position, combining the interests of military and trade-priestly groups
• restored the destroyed Babylon. The Babylonian cities and temples were restored to their privileges, and new taxes were introduced in favor of the temples.
• Campaigns against the Cimmerians (679 BC) and Arabs, Shupriya (near Urartu, 673-672 BC), consolidation of possessions in Media, suppression of the uprising in Sidon (Phenicia)
• Brutal suppression of uprisings
• Conquest of Egypt (671 BC), acceptance of the title of Pharaoh
• Intense struggle between the heirs: Ashurbanipal (military) and Shamash-shum-ukin (trade-priestly)
• In 670 BC. e. Egypt rebelled + formed a coalition (Chaldeans, Medes) + supported the rebellious tribes-> Esarhaddon went there with a punitive expedition -> died on the way

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