# The population of Russia at the beginning of 1995 amounted to 148,306.1 thousand people, at the beginning of 1996 – 147,976.4

The population of Russia at the beginning of 1995 amounted to 148,306.1 thousand people, at the beginning of 1996 – 147,976.4 thousand people. In 1995, 1,363.8 thousand people were born in the country, and 2,203.8 thousand people died. It is required to use these data to determine the total birth rate, mortality rate, natural increase in absolute terms and the general rate of natural increase. 1) First, the average annual population for 1995 is calculated:
P = (148306.1 + 147976.4) / 2 = 148141.25 thousand people.
We calculate the total fertility rate:
n = 1366.8 / 148141.25 × 1000 = 9.2 ‰
We calculate the overall mortality rate:
m = 2203.8 / 148141.25 × 1000 = 14.9 ‰
Let’s determine the general coefficient of natural growth:
kEP = 9.2 – 14.9 = -5.7 ‰ Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.