Interethnic unity, the system of cultural-political, administrative-economic, bureaucratic management in China took shape gradually.
In the era of Western Zhou, the wang (king) was proclaimed a sacred person – the son of Heaven. All the rulers called themselves the rulers of the “Celestial Empire”, which preserved the continuity in the sacralization of the power of various dynasties. The restraining factor of the autocracy was the belief that for the atrocities Heaven would deprive the ruler of the right to rule the Celestial Empire, which would ruin the dynasty.
The rulers of the “Celestial Empire” were distinguished by their arrogance: in dealing with ambassadors they behaved like a suzerain with vassals, gifts were accepted as tribute, they demanded 9 bows from ambassadors, and they did not send their ambassadors to other countries. The Europeans, who did not know the hieroglyphs and the Ritual, in the eyes of the Chinese were barbarians “worse than the last rat.”
Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.