The story of the house of the Athenian

If we could miraculously be transported to the city of the ancient Greeks, for example, to Athens, much would have surprised and disappointed us. We would see crooked, dusty, littered streets, for the most part so narrow that a single carriage could hardly pass through them; nondescript in appearance, built of mud bricks and cobblestones houses. The second floors and balconies in these houses protruded above the first. Wooden stairs from the second floors often descended directly into the street and interfered with passers-by. The rooms in the houses were cramped, dark, with earthen floors. Windows were not cut through in all the rooms and looked like narrow slits, there were no glass in them, and they were covered with shutters. Many houses did not have courtyards, and then the doors from the rooms opened directly onto the street. There were no stoves, and in winter the Greeks saved themselves from the cold with portable braziers. Most of the urban population lived in such houses. And in the center of the city there were magnificent temples, porticos, gymnasiums and other buildings of public importance.
In the second half of the 5th century. BC e. throughout Hellas, the Milesian architect Hippodamus was famous. He was the first to start aligning houses in one line, dividing streets and squares according to a well-thought-out plan. But his ideas could only be applied in the construction of new neighborhoods or new cities. City dwellers, taking advantage of the mild climate, spent most of their time outside the house, in the open air. That is why even the houses of wealthy and distinguished Athenian citizens were distinguished by their modesty and simplicity.
There were no decorations on the front side of the house facing the street. A wall with small windows opened the entrance to the house. The person entering had to knock on the door with a hammer hanging by the lintel or shout loudly “Oge!” Then the gatekeeper slave opened the door.
Through a small passage, a person entered the courtyard. This courtyard, surrounded by a gallery with columns, was the center of the house. There were doors from the front and living rooms, guest rooms, storerooms and other premises. In the middle of the courtyard, and often in its corners, were altars to the gods.
On the opposite side of the courtyard from the entrance, a wide door led into the male half – the main room of the house. The plastered walls of this hall, like those of other ceremonial rooms, were decorated with wall paintings, bronze and even gold plates of artwork. The whole family gathered in this hall, received guests, arranged feasts.
The male hall was connected by a door with the female half of the house – the gynekeium. In this half of the house the hostess lived with her children. Here she was engaged in various household matters. Only family members and domestic slaves enjoyed the right to enter the gynek.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.