Among the mushrooms, the most famous are cap mushrooms, these include porcini mushrooms, boletus and aspen mushrooms, multi-colored russula, mushrooms and many others.
In everyday life, we call their fruiting bodies mushrooms. In most edible mushrooms (with the exception of truffles, stitches and morels), the fruiting body is formed by a stem and a cap. Hence their name.
If in the place where the mushroom was removed (i.e., its fruiting body), slightly break the soil, you can find thin branching white threads – mycelium.
The mycelium is the main part of every mushroom. Fruit bodies develop on it.
The cap and the leg are made of tightly fitting mycelium threads. In the leg, all the threads are the same, and in the cap they form two layers – the upper one, covered with a skin colored with different pigments, and the lower one.
In some mushrooms, for example, a porcini mushroom, a boletus, an oil can, the bottom layer consists of numerous tubes. These are tubular mushrooms.