To solve theoretical and applied problems of ecology, scientists use various research methods: field observations, experiments and modeling.

To solve theoretical and applied problems of ecology, scientists use various research methods: field observations, experiments and modeling. What is the main purpose of conducting environmental studies using modeling?

1) the main purpose of modeling is forecasting (scientific assumption) of the likely states of the ecosystem, populations, environment under the influence of natural processes and human activities;
2) modeling makes it possible to predict changes in species, communities, ecosystems under the influence of human activity.

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