1) Democratic. It means that all citizens of the policy, regardless of social, material, property status, had the right to participate in the political life of the policy: to create a law, vote, discuss important state issues. Athens was such a policy.
2) Aristocratic. The second type of polis in Ancient Greece. In this case, not the entire demos – the people – participates in power, but only certain elective strata of society – aristocrats, who, due to their special origin, intelligence, talent, and abilities, have the exclusive right to exercise their political rights, engaging in lawmaking, discussing important matters in state bodies … Sparta was an aristocratic city.
3) Oligarchic. Another type of the Ancient Greek polis. Here, the bearer of power, again, is not the demos, but a certain circle of people who have great material wealth, great economic power, and as a result have the exclusive right to political power. Carthage was such a policy, where noble and rich people were engaged in solving state problems.