Uneven economic development in the 19th – 20th centuries: a comparative table

USA Rapid economic development: growing domestic market, population growth, birth rate boom, immigration from Europe, Asia and L. America; the absence of traditions of the omnipotence of officials and strict regulation of economic and public life, the tradition of the population’s involvement in everything that happens, the formation of civil society
Germany Significant domestic market after unification, population growth, annexation of Alsace and Lorraine; government orders, militarization of the country, patriotic enthusiasm, hard work
Great Britain Capital export in the form of government loans, naval power, strength and weakness – empire
France The narrowness of the domestic market, banking capital is cut off from industry, the rentier class
Austro-hungary “Patchwork empire”: interethnic cial contradictions uneven Nosta development, emigration
Italy Imports of manufactured goods and raw materials, two regions: industrial North and rural South; mass emigration (mainly to the USA)


Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.