Using the map, tell us how the attack on the USSR was connected with the general program of implementing Hitler’s aggressive plans. Show the direction of the main attacks of Germany and its allies in 1941-1942.
The attack on the USSR, in fact, was associated with the general program for the implementation of Hitler’s aggressive plans. After the defeat of the allies in the Balkans by Hitler, it was planned to transfer troops to the borders of the USSR. The Barbarossa plan envisaged the swift defeat of the USSR and its elimination even before the onset of winter. Despite the fierce resistance of the Soviet troops, Germany at the beginning of the war managed to capture Minsk, Smolensk, take Leningrad into a blockade.
Then they approached Moscow, and there was also fierce resistance. It was not possible to defeat the USSR with lightning speed. Then, in 1942, the Germans and their allies, the Romanians, made a breakthrough in the south of the Soviet-German front. This was very bad for us because the oil fields in Baku were threatened. If Germany managed to seize oil, then our military equipment would be left without fuel. The fascists could not get through to their goal, because the Caucasus offered the most powerful resistance in history. Then Hitler decided to cut the oil supply routes along the Volga and in August the grandiose battle of Stalingrad began, in which more than half a million people participated. It was the bloodiest battle in human history. Finally, in November 1942, Soviet troops under the command of Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov broke through the German-Romanian front near Stalingrad and surrounded the 3,000th 6th Army of Field Marshal Paulus. In January 1943, she capitulated. It was from this moment that the radical turning point of the Second World War began.