Vaccinations have been used in horticulture for a long time. Fruit trees – apple, pear, plum, cherry – are often propagated by grafting. A bud-eye or a stalk of a cultivated plant is spliced with a wild boar. Wildlife is a young plant grown from the seed of a fruit tree. The root system of the wild has greater power, unpretentiousness to the soil, frost resistance and other qualities that the grafted crop plant does not have. The eye or stalk of a cultivated plant taken for grafting is called a scion, and the wild, to which it is grafted, is called a stock.
Grafting by cutting
Inoculation with a cuttings is carried out in the spring, until the buds have begun to grow.
A stalk cut from a cultivated plant is connected to the stem part of the stock. The grafting site is tied tightly, and the hemp cut is covered with garden pitch. If the inoculation is done correctly, the rootstock will grow together with the scion, and the buds of the scion will begin to bloom.
Kidney (eye) grafting – budding
Kidney grafting is done in the second half of summer.
For grafting with a kidney at the base of the stem of the wild stock with a sharp knife, make an incision in the bark in the form of the letter T and separate the bark of the wild from the wood.
An annual shoot is cut from a cultivated fruit tree. Leaf blades are removed from it, leaving only the petioles. Then, a well-developed bud with a thin layer of wood 2 – 2.5 cm long is cut from the shoot of the cultivar and inserted into the incision under the bark of the wild. The vaccination site is tied tightly, so that the kidney itself remains free from the tying.
If the inoculation is done correctly, after 2 – 3 weeks the rootstock will grow together with the scion, and in the spring of next year, an shoot will develop from the grafted bud. After that, the stem must be cut above the grafting site. After 2 – 3 years, the shoot will turn into a cultivated tree.