Reproduction by layering
Currants, gooseberries, viburnum, apple trees can be propagated by layering, that is, bend the young shoot in the spring so that its middle part touches the ground, and the top is directed upwards. On the lower part of the shoot under the kidney, it is necessary to cut the bark, at the place of the cut, pin the shoot to the soil and sprinkle it with damp earth, tie the top of the shoot to a stick stuck in the ground.
By the fall, adventitious roots are formed at the site of the incision. Then the shoot must be cut off from the mother plant and planted in a permanent place.
Reproduction by creeping shoots
In summer, several creeping shoots – whiskers grow from the mother plant of strawberries, in the nodes of which small plants with leaves and roots develop.
Cranberries, tenaciousness, meadow tea, etc. also multiply.
Reproduction by modified shoots
Weeds such as wheatgrass, willow, yarrow, bedstraw reproduce by rhizomes.
They quickly spread and multiply, filling the entire arable layer with rhizomes. A few days after weeding, new shoots appear from the buds that were on the pieces of rhizomes remaining in the soil. To kill weeds, you need to carefully select all of their rhizomes from the soil.
Many valuable ornamental plants are propagated by rhizomes: irises, daisy, lilies of the valley, perennial asters.
Potatoes, Jerusalem artichoke are propagated by tubers. When there are not enough tubers, valuable varieties can be propagated by parts of a tuber, buds, sprouts and tops of tubers – this is also vegetative propagation by shoots.
Onions, tulips, daffodils, lilies are propagated by bulbs. One bulb can form several small baby bulbs.