Was Chiang Kai-shek’s regime democratic, authoritarian, or totalitarian?
We believe that it was an authoritarian regime that took place under Chiang Kai-shek. Let me explain why. We know that a feature of a totalitarian regime is strict state control in all spheres of society with the use of repressive measures. Chiang Kai-shek could not afford this due to the fact that he could alienate the Chinese capital and the intelligentsia (educated people in China were very rich). That is why he carried out cautious reforms (“both yours and” ours “). Therefore, the totalitarian regime disappears
A democratic regime is also not suitable, because it is characterized by democracy, when state power is controlled by society. Before that they were still very, very far away.
What remains is an authoritarian regime that is most suitable for the Chiang Kai-shek period. An authoritarian regime has a monopoly on the power of one group, one party with one leader. Chiang Kai-shek did a lot for his people, although the situation of the peasants under him did not improve, they did not receive the promised land. But on the other hand, illiteracy was eliminated, the peasants were taught the basics of hygiene, agricultural technology, political knowledge, a tough struggle was waged against drug addiction, common Chinese money was introduced, etc.