Were the European revolutions of 1848-1849 just an echo of the 1848 revolution in France, or were they an independent phenomenon?

European revolutions 1848-1849 were an independent phenomenon, and not an echo of the February Revolution in France, The cause of the European revolutions of 1848-1849. served as the aggravation of socio-economic and political problems in each of the countries, while the February Revolution in France only served as an impetus for their development.

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