Western Europe after World War II

• After the Second World War, in all developed countries of the West, the MMC system was formed and developed. (State-monopoly capitalism is “a form of monopoly capitalism, which is characterized by the combination of the strength of capitalist monopolies with the strength of the state”)
• The United States has increased its economic and military power.
• State intervention in the economy has expanded (development of the state military industry, nationalization of a number of enterprises and industries, construction of infrastructure facilities, credit and tax policies
• In the 50s. there is an economic upturn (“economic miracle” in Italy, Germany, etc.). There is a change in the structure of the economy associated with scientific and technological revolution. Integration processes begin (ECSC – 1951, Treaty of Rome 1957). The rise of the economy was facilitated by the creation of the Bretton Woods monetary system (1944) and the implementation of the “Marshall plan” (1948 – 1952). A “consumer society” is being created. A “white collar revolution” is taking place.
• In political life, the restoration of democratic institutions is observed. Strengthening the democratization of society is taking place in the wake of the anti-fascist Resistance. All political parties (with rare exceptions) are in favor of reforms.
• Conservative parties (CDU / CSU in Germany, CDP in Italy, etc.) are being revived under the flag of religious ideology.
• Liberal parties are less influential, but the alignment of political forces depended on their position (Italy, France, etc.).
• There is a strengthening of the positions of the communist, social democratic parties, socialist, labor parties (Italy, France, Belgium, Finland, Great Britain, etc.).

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