Abiotic environmental factors are components and phenomena of an inanimate, inorganic nature that directly or indirectly affect living organisms: climatic, soil, and hydrographic factors.
The main abiotic environmental factors are: temperature, light, water, salinity, oxygen, earth’s magnetic field, soil.
Total: hurricanes, droughts, floods, torrential rains, fires, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, erosion, waterlogging or salinization of the soil, climate change (cooling or warming), magnetic storms, emissions of large amounts of toxic gases.
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