What are the advantages of nuclear power plants over other types of power plants? What are the main problems of nuclear energy?

Nuclear energy is essential. For example, for military purposes, the fission energy of uranium or plutonium is used in atomic bombs, nuclear missiles, nuclear shells and mines. Fusion energy is used in a hydrogen bomb. For peaceful purposes, it is used in power plants to generate electricity and for heating. Nuclear fission underlies the engines of nuclear icebreakers, nuclear submarines, and nuclear aircraft carriers. The energy released during radioactive decay is used in long-lived heat sources and beta-galvanic elements. Automatic interplanetary stations such as “Pioneer” and “Voyager” use radioisotope thermoelectric generators. The isotope heat source was used by the Soviet Lunokhod-1.
Thanks to the extensive use of nuclear energy, mankind began to think about the disposal of nuclear waste. This question involves the assessment of different categories and methods of storage and disposal, as well as different requirements for environmental protection. The use of nuclear energy also has its drawbacks. First of all, this affects the ecological situation of the country, since emissions into the atmosphere and the hydrosphere of radioactive waste lead to large environmental pollution, as a result of which people begin to have health problems, many animals and plants mutate or die, the condition of soil and water deteriorates and atmosphere.
It is also important that large emissions of radioactive waste are reflected in the economic state of the country.
In our world, it is impossible to live without the influence of radiation, the bulk of which the world’s population receives from natural sources of radiation, and the other part receives as a result of human activities. Throughout the history of the Earth’s existence, various types of radiation fall on the Earth’s surface from space and come from radioactive substances in the earth’s crust.

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