What are the consequences of colonial conquests and the territorial division of the world for the colonies and for the metropolitan countries?

In the XIX century. the picture changes. This is the time of colonial conquests, when the flow of manufactured goods began to turn the colonies and dependent countries of the East into sales markets and sources of raw materials. Trade ties became stronger, and Western manufactured goods ruined artisans, destroyed customs and traditions, and changed the way of life of the peoples of the East. Almost all the countries of the East fell into dependence on the industrially developed Western European countries.
Colonial ownership raised the prestige of states. By the end of the XIX century. the division of the world between the European powers and the United States was largely completed. The old colonial system gave way to the colonial system of imperialism – a system in which the West did not just rob the colonies, but infiltrated all spheres of their lives: political, economic, social and spiritual. Huge territories of Asia and Africa were turned into colonies and dependent states. The only exception was Japan, which, without any outside interference, but attracting the achievements of the West, modernized industrial production, changing the system of government and education for this. And all this happened without a sharp breakdown of traditions, without abandoning the usual way of life.

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