Genetic engineering – a set of techniques, methods and technologies for producing recombinant RNA and DNA, isolating genes from the body (cells), manipulating genes and introducing them into other organisms. Genetic engineering is not a science in the broad sense, but it is a tool of biotechnology, using the methods of biological sciences such as molecular and cellular biology, cytology,, microbiology, virology. The main stages of solving the genetic engineering problem are as follows: 1. Obtaining an isolated gene.
2. The introduction of a gene into a vector for transfer into the body.
3. Transfer of a vector with a gene to a modified organism.
4. Transformation of body cells.
5. The selection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and the elimination of those that have not been successfully modified.
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