What are the discoveries that have made a significant contribution to the development of biology, and their authors.

1) The discovery of the laws of heredity by Gregor Mendel in 1865.
2) The evolutionary doctrine of C. Darwin.
3) The cell theory of T. Schwann and M. Schleiden.
4) The discovery of the phagocytic theory of I. Mechnikov.
5) The theory of the abiogenic origin of life of A. Oparin.
6) The theory of reflexes and higher nervous activity of I. Pavlov.

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