The successes achieved by molecular biology and genetics in the study of microorganisms, as well as the limited possibilities of traditional breeding, have led to the creation of new methods for the targeted and controlled production of microorganisms with desired properties.
These technologies are based on genetic engineering techniques. They make it possible to isolate the necessary gene and introduce it into a new genetic environment in order to create an organism with new, predefined signs.
Genetic engineering methods are still very complex and expensive. But now with their help in the industry receive such important medications as interferon, growth hormones, insulin and others.
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