What are the functions of the diencephalon?

The diencephalon consists of two parts – the thalamus (upper part) and the hypothalamus (lower part). The thalamus collects and processes sensitive information coming from all the receptors in the body – from the receptors of the internal organs and our senses (except the sense of smell). The lower part of the diencephalon, the hypothalamus, controls the functioning of the autonomic nervous system and, therefore, regulates the functions of internal organs and the maintenance of homeostasis. In this part of the brain in humans and mammals, there are centers of thermoregulation, thirst, hunger and satiety.

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