What are the main adaptations of organisms to life in another organism.

Adaptations: simplification of the digestive system in parasites; in parasitic plants, feeding on host juices has led to a reduction in the photosynthesis system and the loss of chlorophyll; the absence of direct contact with environmental factors in parasites has led to a simplification of the structure of their nervous system and reduction of sensory organs; the limited size of the parasite’s habitat is compensated by the small size of their body and the simplification of the external structure, and the diffusion difficulties are compensated by an increase in the ability to reproduce (enormous fecundity).

Adaptation Classification Life examples Value
plants animals
a) protective color; b) disguise: – resemblance to any object – resemblance to a protected organism (mimicry); c) other means of passive protection
a) deaf nettle
b) belozor c) spines of barberry, rose hip
a) grasshopper
b) glass-butterfly, big-head
c) tortoise shell, armadillo
a) become invisible to enemies
b) misleads a predator
c) protection from enemies
Physiological transport in plants sweating, shortness of breath maintaining a constant body temperature, water balance
Biochemical synthesis of essential oils in flowers territory mark allow the body to respond to environmental changes
Behavioral flocking aimed at survival in a particular environment
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