What are the main decisions of the Vienna Congress?

The Vienna Congress determined the post-war structure of Europe. The new European order was to prevent a repeat of the revolution and hegemony of one country over others on the principles of restoration (return to pre-revolutionary orders), legitimism (restoration of legal dynasties on the thrones) and balance. Territorial changes were also directed against the repetition of aggression by France. To do this, strengthened state on its borders; The Netherlands received Belgium, Prussia – some lands on the Rhine, and the kingdom of Sardinia – Genoa. Other territorial acquisitions served as a kind of “reward” for members of the coalition of Russia, England, Prussia and Austria. France was returned to the borders of 1792 and after Napoleon’s “Hundred Days” – to the pre-revolutionary borders and was obliged to pay a huge amount to the winners. Allied troops were stationed on its territory. Following the results of the Vienna Congress, on the initiative of the Russian Emperor Alexander I, the Holy Alliance arose, which involved the cooperation of monarchs on a Christian basis. It included all the countries of Europe except Turkey, the Papal, the state and England. The Holy Alliance was one of the first attempts in history to create a pan-European organization of states. In general, all decisions of the Vienna Congress proceeded from the interests of the monarchs, and not their peoples.

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