What are the main trends in the development of the culture of China in the interwar period?

In the first decades, a new progressive intelligentsia began to emerge, teachers and a scientist in China took a course towards eliminating illiteracy, a new school system, modeled on European states and the United States, came to replace the traditional education system, and a “movement for a new culture” was organized. A modern drama theater was formed in the country, and classical painting in ink and mineral paints on silk or paper – gohua – prevailed in the fine arts. Young people opposed subordination to elders and the superiority of men over women in the traditional model of the family, women became equal with men.

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