What carbohydrates are called mono-, di- and polysaccharides?

All carbohydrates are divided into simple, or monosaccharides, and complex, or polysaccharides. Of monosaccharides, ribose, deoxyribose, glucose, fructose, and galactose are of the greatest importance for living organisms.
Di- and polysaccharides are formed by combining two or more monosaccharide molecules. So, sucrose (cane sugar), maltose (malt sugar), lactose (milk sugar) are disaccharides formed as a result of the fusion of two monosaccharide molecules. In their properties, disaccharides are close to monosaccharides. For example, both are buried in water and have a sweet taste.
Polysaccharides are composed of a large number of monosaccharides. These include starch, glycogen, cellulose, chitin, etc. With an increase in the number of monomers, the solubility of polysaccharides decreases and the sweet taste disappears.

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