What causes water to rise through the paper fibers? What is the significance of capillary properties of water for organisms?

Due to the polarity and hydrogen bonds, water molecules are able to connect with each other and with other substances. As a result of such a connection, a “film” forms on the surface, which explains the high surface tension of water and its capillary properties.
Capillary phenomena play a significant role in the water supply of plants and the movement of moisture in the soil. In dry weather, the soil dries up and cracks form in it – capillaries. On them, water rises from the ground up and evaporates.

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