What changes have occurred in the education system in the largest European countries in the second half of the 19th century?

In the UK and France, legislation has been passed on compulsory education for all children under 12. Universities were opened in many cities. However, higher education remained elitist as before. For example, special schools were created for children from wealthy families, which opened the way to higher educational institutions.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.