What English parties do you know?

On November 15, 1680, during the conflict that arose over the succession of the English throne by Jacob of York, after a 7-hour discussion in the upper house of the English parliament, two parties emerged – the conservative (Tory) and the liberal (Whigs). The Tories (from the Irish toraidh – heir) were supporters of King Charles II and his brother James of York, who in 1672 adopted the Catholic faith. The Whigs (from the Scottish whigs – horse thieves) supported Protestant James (Jacob) Stuart, Duke of Monmouth, illegally born son of Charles II.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.