What features of the economic development of society serve as evidence of the development of the process of modernization

What features of the economic development of society serve as evidence of the development of the process of modernization in the period 1800-1870? Give specific examples from the history of European countries you know

Modernization is the process of transforming a traditional society into an industrial one
Features of modernization:
In the political sphere – democratization of public and political life
In the social sphere – rapid population growth, migration, urban population growth
In the economic sphere – industrialization
In the field of culture – the rapid growth of scientific knowledge

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.