What insecticides are used in everyday life? What are the characteristic signs of poisoning by them and the procedure for providing first aid at the same time.
Household insecticides are substances designed to kill harmful insects. Among them, the most common organophosphorus: chlorophos, dichlorvos, karbofos. These drugs can cause severe poisoning in humans when they enter the body through the respiratory tract or digestive tract.
With inhalation poisoning, a person experiences dizziness, nausea, visual disturbances, increased sweating, and mental agitation. When organophosphorus compounds enter the human stomach, vomiting, mucus from the mouth, loose stools, head and chest pain, profuse sweating appear. In severe poisoning, there is a narrowing of the pupils, a slowing of the heart rate, muscle weakness, a decrease in blood pressure, loss of consciousness, cramps, and respiratory failure (it may stop).
If there are signs of poisoning with household insecticides, an ambulance must be urgently called. Before her arrival, it is necessary to remove (take out) the victim to fresh air, rinse open areas of his body with water, eyes, mouth, nose and stomach with a 2% solution of drinking soda (a tablespoon of soda per liter of water). To rinse the stomach, let the victim drink 2-3 liters of this solution and induce vomiting by pressing a spoon on the root of the tongue. It is good to give the victim 4-5 tablets of activated carbon and lay him without a pillow, turning his head to the side. In case of severe difficulty in breathing, you should start performing artificial ventilation of the lungs, having previously cleared the upper respiratory tract of saliva and mucus.
If the victim is unconscious, he should not do gastric lavage without a doctor.