What is called the solar wind, how does this wind form, how does it affect the planets and how far does it “blow” in the solar system?

The solar wind is streams of rarefied gas and plasma emanating from the Sun’s atmosphere in all directions. It is caused by the strong heating of the lower layers of the solar corona by streams of electromagnetic and acoustic energy coming from the dense lower layers of the Sun’s atmosphere. In the vicinity of the Earth, the solar wind speed is about 400 km / s. Colliding with the magnetospheres and atmospheres of planets, the solar wind distorts their shape, causes chemical reactions in them, ionization of gas and its glow. The solar wind blows out around the Sun a cavity free of interstellar plasma (heliosphere) that extends beyond Pluto’s orbit; its boundary has not yet been precisely established.

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