During sexual reproduction, individuals are formed that differ from their parents in genotype and phenotype, which is achieved by processes in meiosis and combinative variability.
||reproduction of organisms in the absence of the sexual process. Occurs without gamete fusion. Only one parent is involved in asexual reproduction. In this case, descendants (clones) identical to it are formed
||yeast, bacteria, potatoes
||the process in most eukaryotes associated with the development of new organisms from germ cells (in unicellular eukaryotes, the nuclei perform the function of germ cells in conjugation)
||humans, most plants and animals
The biological meaning of sexual reproduction is to combine the genetic information of the parental individuals, thereby increasing the genetic diversity of the offspring.
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