What is the danger of such an attitude towards laws for society and for the state?

There is a danger both for society and for the state, because if the laws are only for subordinates. Then chaos will begin to happen in the world, the ranks will begin to do whatever they want, regardless of the consequences.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.