In contrast to asexual, two individuals participate in sexual reproduction, forming special reproductive cells – gametes. Distinguish between male and female gametes, which are formed in male and female organisms, respectively. The formation of germ cells occurs in special organs called genital organs or organs of sexual reproduction. Gametes carry chromosomes that contain information about hereditary traits.
|Involved in reproduction
|Hereditary information in the offspring compared to the parent
||parent gene combination
|The probability of survival in a changing environment
1) One organism is involved in asexual reproduction, and two in sexual reproduction. 2) Somatic cells propagating by mitosis participate in asexual reproduction, and germ cells (gametes) obtained by meiosis participate in sexual reproduction. Consequently, with asexual reproduction, the children are the same, and with sexual reproduction they are different. 3) During sexual reproduction, there is a large expenditure of energy (for the search for a sexual partner, etc.). With asexual reproduction, energy costs are less. Consequently, with the same costs, asexual, you can get more offspring and in a shorter time. The main difference between sexual reproduction and asexual is recombination (different children; this creates material for natural selection).
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