What is the difference between the types of electromagnetic radiation when they interact with a substance?

Emissions of different wavelengths differ from each other in their absorption by matter. X-rays and Y-rays are weakly absorbed by the substance and have a high penetrating power, at the same time, optical waves are delayed by a sheet of paper.
The reflection coefficient of waves also depends on the wavelength.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.