What is the essence of hybridization? What is the starting material for hybridization? Give relevant examples.

Along with methods such as artificial selection, experimental mutagenesis, production of polyploids, hybridization is widely used in breeding (from Lat. Hybrida – crossbreed) – the crossing of genetically heterogeneous individuals. Its essence consists in the fusion of genotypically different germ cells and in the development of a new organism from the zygote, combining the hereditary traits of both parents. Thus, hybridization is based primarily on the combinational variability of organisms.
Loshak is a hybrid of a stallion and a donkey.

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