What is the essence of the cycle of substances in the ecosystem?

Energy cannot be transmitted in a vicious circle, it is consumed, turning into energy of chemical bonds and heat. The substance can be transmitted in closed cycles, repeatedly circulating between living organisms and the environment.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.