What is the essence of the hybridological method of genetics. Why do scientists hybridize individuals with different genotypes?

The hybridological method is the study of inheritance by hybridization (crossing), that is, the union of two genetically different organisms (gametes). The heterozygous organism that results from this is called a hybrid, and the offspring is called a hybrid.
Scientists conduct hybridization to identify new species, plant species, animals or improve quality.

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