What is the essence of the process of spore formation in bacteria? Compare the spores of plants and fungi. What are their similarities and differences?

Many prokaryotes are capable of spore formation. Disputes arise, as a rule, in adverse conditions and are cells with a sharply reduced metabolic rate. The spores are covered with a protective shell, they remain viable for hundreds and even thousands of years and withstand temperature fluctuations from –243 to 140 ° С. When favorable conditions occur, the spores “germinate” and give rise to a new bacterial cell. Thus, sporulation in prokaryotes is a stage in the life cycle that ensures the experiencing of adverse environmental conditions. In addition, in a state of spores, microorganisms can easily spread by wind and other methods.

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