What is the legal protection of the wounded, sick and shipwrecked military personnel?

The legal protection of the wounded, sick and shipwrecked servicemen is defined in the Geneva Conventions “On improving the fate of the wounded and sick in the army” and “On improving the fate of the wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of the armed forces at sea” of August 12, 1949. This protection lies in the obligation of the belligerents to fulfill the following basic requirements of international humanitarian law:
• take protection of the wounded, sick and shipwrecked (including aircraft crews);
• search and pick them up after each battle, help them, transfer them to their commander or to the nearest medical post;
• take under protection civilian vessels engaged in rescuing the wounded and shipwrecked;
• Respect medical personnel, hospital courts, and medical aircraft with the emblem of the red cross and red crescent.

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