What is the meaning and origin of the titles of the eastern rulers: sultan, khan, pasha, emir, shah, caliph?
October 31, 2020
Caliph is an Arabic word meaning “deputy prophet”; emir (chief) – Arabic; shah (king) – Persian; pasha – Turkish derivative from the Persian “padishah”; sultan (sovereign) – Arabic; khan (voivode) is a Turkic word.
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