What is the modernization process? What demographic changes took place during the disintegration of traditional

What is the modernization process? What demographic changes took place during the disintegration of traditional society and the development of an industrial society?

Modernization is the process of changing something in accordance with the requirements of the present, the transition to more perfect conditions, by introducing various new updates.
Urban growth is one of the features of an industrial society. This process accelerated at the beginning of the 19th century. and continued thereafter. The rapid growth of cities was caused, firstly, by overpopulation of the countryside due to improved land use and the introduction of advanced farming methods, as a result of which many hands were freed up. Secondly, the decline of small towns associated with the decline in handicraft production and small trade, as well as changes in transport: with the development of railway transport, the centers of industry moved to new areas. In search of work, people were forced to change their place of residence. The masses of the population, who had lived on earth for centuries, were moving and leaving their homes. Leaving the village gave rise to emigration, people left for other countries. Many local residents moved to large cities or new industrial centers of their country. With the increase in agricultural productivity, it became possible to feed the big cities.

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