A person has a need for communication. This is a need for something: in specific conditions, objects, objects, the absence of which slows down or stops the development, the existence of living organisms. Need refers to mental states of a special type in which an individual feels or is aware of existing discomfort. In the human psyche, the mismatch between the internal conditions of activity and the external is reflected. It must be said that a person is constantly dissatisfied with the conditions for his development. Conditions are created by society .. The human person must be socialized, and this is impossible without communication. Outside of communication, human activity cannot exist.
The motives for which this need arises are mutually exclusive and mutually reinforcing. They are completely different directions from egoistic, manipulative to altruistic, disinterested. During communication, a person can achieve the goals of gaining power, domination, while giving the impression of a friendly person. The desire for interaction, friendships is called affiliation. This phenomenon manifests a person’s desire to communicate with other people for the sake of the process of communication. The discomfort of loneliness is eliminated. Affiliation is characteristic of people who have a heightened sense of anxiety, anxiety and nervousness predominate, they often fall into a state of frustration from exclusion, social exclusion, which is forced. These people tend to follow their lead; they need a leader.
From the individual characteristics of human needs can be identified:
objectivity of appearance;
direct dependence on practice;
A person has a lot of needs, they are diverse: species preservation, activity, the meaning of life, freedom, labor, rest, cognition, communication.
Types of Communication Needs
1. The need for individualization. A man tries to build such relationships so that in his conversation, movements, facial expressions, gestures, the uniqueness, uniqueness and unusualness are read.
2. The need for prestige, status. When communicating, a person receives recognition of qualities that he himself considers extraordinary. He receives a positive assessment from others, feels a sense of pride. If these qualities are not recognized, a person shows such properties as resentment, grief, disappointment, aggressiveness. Having suffered a defeat in one, a person begins to seek the opportunity to manifest in another. He is looking for the location of people who tend to evaluate his qualities positively. But if such a need takes on hypertrophied dimensions, this can lead to the loss of friends and complete loneliness.
3. The need for leadership. A person seeks to influence thoughts, ideas, and, accordingly, behavior, taste preferences, attitudes of another person. This need can be satisfied only when the behavior of a person who has become influenced changes. He will consider the behavior of a leader as a subject capable of taking responsibility for making difficult decisions. Therefore, together with the need for leadership, people under influence have a need for submission to another person. These needs can be factors in the deterioration of relationships. This happens when rightness is proved regardless of the truth (dominance), or when undesirable decisions are made under the influence, pressure (submission). Interpersonal communication between two dominant or two led people is intense, conflict, unproductive.
4. The need for custody. A person wants to patronize or take care of another person, offering his help, while experiencing a sense of satisfaction. If this need is strong, then gradually such qualities as altruism and philanthropy are formed in a person.
5. The need for assistance. A man is ready to accept help from another. The one who provided it also feels satisfaction. Refusal of help is perceived differently, there may be a negative reaction. A person offering assistance can regard failure as an unwillingness to interact, as a manifestation of excessive self-esteem and pride.
Any need and its satisfaction is a complex process, consisting of several steps. The main stages are motivation and activity. The process involves the emergence of paradoxical moments. When, for example, a person waited a very long time for an object, experienced a lot of tension about it, he began to avoid it, having received it, despite the existing need.