The AIDS virus – HIV – is a retrovirus. Its genetic material is RNA. It affects the HIV cells of the immune system. When it enters the host cell, reverse transcription occurs, in which DNA is synthesized based on viral RNA, which is then inserted into the host cell (in the DNA of the host cell). Then, when dividing the cell, the viral DNA is copied simultaneously with the copying of the cellular DNA. After a certain time, cells begin to synthesize viral RNA and proteins from which virus particles are assembled.
HIV thus destroys lymphocytes – T-helpers. As a result, the human immune system is destroyed.
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