What is the relationship between culture and civilization? What is the essence of the civilizational approach to history?

Culture is the totality of human achievements in the material and spiritual spheres.
Civilization is a stage of culture that follows barbarism, which gradually accustom a person to orderly joint actions with other people.

Real connections between them appear in certain forms. The first of them is genetic (culture, as the earliest form, creates civilization, becomes objectified in it). The second form of communication is structural and functional, since culture and civilization, embodying the material and spiritual aspects of life, cannot exist without interaction.

But along with the identification of the concepts of “civilization” and “culture”, already in the era of the Enlightenment, there is a tradition and their oppositions. Many researchers began to understand culture as the spiritual potential of mankind, and civilization as the material sphere. Even then, it was noticed for the first time that material progress does not yet mean reaching a high level of spiritual development. The concept of civilization is becoming synonymous with urbanization, spiritless technicism, understood as a source of dehumanization of the world.
Within the framework of this direction, a view has been formed at civilization as a process of the evolution of cultures towards more complex states. With this approach, culture and civilization coexist in unity.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.