What is the significance of genetic counseling in the prevention of hereditary diseases?

Using all possible methods of genetic research, information about the health of relatives, specialists determine the probability or degree of risk of having a baby with hereditary anomalies in a particular family. Diagnosis of hereditary diseases before the birth of a child is quite widespread. Methods of prenatal diagnosis examine the amniotic fluid, in which there are fetal cells. By centrifugation, it is divided into fractions. They examine the content of intermediate metabolic products to detect a disease caused by a gene mutation. Germ cells are grown on a nutrient medium and used to determine the number of chromosomes and identify possible chromosomal abnormalities.

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