What measures were taken in China to modernize the country? Compare them to the Meiji reforms in Japan.

What measures were taken in China to modernize the country? Compare them to the Meiji reforms in Japan. Why did the reform movement fail?

In the mid 60s. XIX century. supporters of modernization proclaimed a course for China’s self-reinforcement. The purpose of this course is to borrow from Western technology, use new knowledge to strengthen the state. But there was no clear, well-thought-out and officially approved program. They began to build shipyards, military plants, arsenals for the rearmament of the army. The government deals with issues of foreign trade with foreign powers, the purchase of weapons, ships, vehicles, and the construction of railways. Capitalist industry developed, but enterprises of foreigners and the state predominated. The process of modernization was also seriously damaged by the interference of officials. As a result, bureaucracy flourished and corruption grew.
In general, modernization was carried out indecisively, the agrarian reform was not implemented, and this hindered the industrialization of the country.

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