Parasite fungi are quite common in nature. The most famous are parasitic fungi that cause plant diseases. They have a huge negative value and are the cause of the loss of a fifth of the crop worldwide. Plant diseases, especially cereals, have a number of negative factors. The productivity of wheat, oats, potatoes and other crops decreases when they are affected.
Ergot is not only a harmful fungus, but also a valuable raw material for medicines. The substances contained in it have a beneficial effect on blood vessels and the central nervous system. Ergot is collected from the fields and bred artificially. Ergot affects rye and other cereals. It is rarely possible to meet her on several types of sedge. Ergot mycelium develops in the flowers of cereal spikelets. The mycelium tightly intertwines and grows, so the horn has the appearance of a curved solid formation of an oblong shape with wrinkles and cracks. Ergot has a surface of black-violet color, sometimes with white layering. The shape and size of the ergot horn depends on the structure of the cereal flower.
Strong harm to forestry, gardening and parks caused by fungus tinder fungus. It provokes the destruction of wood. Spore infection occurs through damage in the bark of trees. Broken branches, sunburn, and many other factors contribute to the appearance of wounds. Spores enter the problem area and grow into mycelium. Tinder funnel covers the entire core of the tree, destroying it and making it rotten. The appearance of fruiting bodies on the surface of a tree occurs several years after infection. The tinder funnel resembles a hoof in its shape and can be very hard. Tree parasites can be located one above the other, forming shelves. In the lower part, the tinder fungus has small tubes in which spores mature. Tinder fungus lives for many years and grows in size every year. Sick trees are susceptible to windbreak and the appearance of hollows, as they become very fragile. Tinder fungus significantly reduces their lifespan. After penetration of the mycelium into the wood, it is not possible to stop its development. The infected tree will surely die.
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