What organisms are called transgenic or genetically modified? Why do scientists create transgenic, or genetically modified

What organisms are called transgenic or genetically modified? Why do scientists create transgenic, or genetically modified, organisms? Give examples of transgenic organisms.

Organisms whose genome will contain foreign genes are called transgenic.
Scientists create transgenic organisms in order to display new economically valuable traits in them. For example, when a gene of the bacterium of the Thuringian bacillus (Bacillus thuringiensis), responsible for the production of 8-endotoxin, is inserted into the cultivated potato genotype, the so-called Potato Bi-plants (from the name of the bacterial species) are obtained, which are poisonous to herbivorous insects, but harmless to other animals and humans So an effective and environmentally friendly way was found to protect cultivated potatoes from its pest – the Colorado potato beetle.

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